Day 3: Shaykh AbdulNasir Jangda
Allahuma Sali Ala Muhammad
[The following was the talk given by Sh. Abdul Nasir Jangda for Day 3 of Ramadan Prep online]
A Qur’anic passage on Du’a
1) Kaf, Ha, Ya, ‘Ayn, Sad.
2) [This is] a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His servant Zechariah
3) When he called to his Lord a private supplication.
4) He said, “My Lord, indeed my bones have weakened, and my head has filled with white, and never have I been in my supplication to You, my Lord, unhappy.
5) And indeed, I fear the successors after me, and my wife has been barren, so give me from Yourself an heir
6) Who will inherit me and inherit from the family of Jacob. And make him, my Lord, pleasing [to You].”
7) [He was told], “O Zechariah, indeed We give you good tidings of a boy whose name will be John. We have not assigned to any before [this] name.”
8) He said, “My Lord, how will I have a boy when my wife has been barren and I have reached extreme old age?”
9) [An angel] said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, for I created you before, while you were nothing.’ ” – [19: 1-9]
- The above Qur’anic passage is derived from Surah Maryam and is also known as the Surah of Mercy.
- It provides us insight us to how we should make du’a to Allah (SWT).
- Ayah (1) Allah (SWT) begins with the mysterious letters
- Ayah (2) Allah (SWT) describes this scenario as a reminder.
- Ayah (3) Zakariyya (a.s) was making du’a in a state of desperation calling out to his lord passionately, emotionally, and privately [in a private supplication]. He found time to have a personal moment that was private between him and Allah (SWT).
- Ayah (4) What exactly did he say? He states how he is weak and extremely old. In this way, he stated his weakness before Allah. Because you are talking to the one who is the highest and superior, free of all needs so the etiquette is to state our weakness and desperation and to humble ourselves before Him (SWT). However, at the same time he tells Allah that he has never returned empty handed or turned down from him and thus expresses his hopefulness at his du’a being answered.
- Ayah (5) He states why he is making du’a. He’s making dua hoping Allah (SWT) out of his kindness will give him the gift of son and the son would support him and his mission.
- Ayah (6) Next, he doesn’t just state that he wants a son but that he wants a son who is pleasing to Allah and one whom Allah is pleased with. Furthermore, he asks that the son be a prophet, messenger and a leader of his family and his people.
- Ayah (7) Allah states that he has granted his du’a and gives him glad tidings of a son whose name would be Yahya (a.s).
- Ayah (8) Prophet Zakariyya (a.s) is surprised on how he would have a son at such an old age as some tafasir state how he was 70. 80 and even 100 years of age so it was a great miracle.
- Ayah (9) Allah (SWT) states its easy for Him (SWT). He (SWT) can fulfill supplications and grant whatever his slaves request him. He further says how created him (Zakariyya) when he was nothing so it is an easy matter for Allah. He just says Be and It is!
Thus the above verses of the Qur’an shed light on how to make dua, why we make dua, what to keep in mind when making dua and also the outcome of dua when it is made properly.
We learn the following:
- Zakarriya (a.s) was humble and hopeful.
- He praises and glorifies Allah (Rabbi – My Lord)
- He turns this into an intimate conversation whereas our duas are just formalities or supplications we recite. But, here we find Zakariyya (a.s) talking to Allah. He turns this into a heart felt conversation with Allah (SWT).
- When he present his request and situation in this manner, Allah takes care of him. Not only does Allah give him a son but makes him a Prophet, modest, pious and one that took care of his parents. One that practiced charity and most importantly was cognizant of Allah (SWT) and had a strong relationship with his Lord.
- Shows how a prophet of Allah would make dua to Allah and gives us perspective to follow the same manner of making dua.
Nature of Du’a
- Making du’a is a command from Allah (SWT) and a sunnah of the Prophet (SAW). It is a great manifestation in our trust and belief in Allah.
- Dua is Ibadah. ”The dua is worship” [Abu Dawud]
- Dua is the essence of worship and our servitude and slavery to Allah (SWT).
- Allah says in the Qur’an:
My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calls on Me: let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me: that they may walk in the right way.” — (Surah Baqarah, 2: 186)]
- Allah (SWT) states that He answers the call of the caller.
- This issue of dua is then not a question of ’If’ or ‘will it be answered’ but ‘When” it will be answered.
- It is guaranteed in the Qur’an that our duas will be answered. Allah (SWT) is waiting to answer our duas and supplication.
- The responsibility and delay in our dua being answered is on us not supplicating when we should, not Allah (SWT).
- Another verse of the Qur’an states that no one can remove any affliction upon us except for Allah (SWT).
Conditions for the Acceptance of Du’a
1) Call out to Allah with sincerity, humility and privately.
2) Avoid asking for Haraam and inappropriate things.
The Prophet (SAW) said: “The supplication of a slave continues to be granted as long as he does not supplicate for a sinful thing or for something that would cut off the ties of kinship and he does not grow impatient.” It was said: “O Messenger of Allah! What does growing impatient mean?” He (SAW) said, “It is one’s saying: ‘I supplicated again and again but I do not think that my prayer will be answered.’ Then he becomes frustrated (in such circumstances) and gives up supplication altogether.”
- We cannot ask for something which in sinful. Now, we will say that is common sense why would we ask Allah (SWT) for something sinful? However, its important to remember that also asking for something through which you will have to go through impermissible means falls into this category.
- The Prophet (SAW) also mentions as long as he doesn’t ask for something that would cut off the ties of kinship.
- And lastly, not to be impatient and rush your dua. i.e, saying “I made dua but it wasn’t answered”, so you lose hope and discontinue making dua. We should refrain from this because this is showing disrespect to Allah and showing negativity in our resolve and determination.
3) Having solid conviction that Allah (SWT) will answer the dua.
- We should be hopeful and positive and not despair in the mercy and help of Allah (SWT).
The Prophet said, “When anyone of you does Dua then don’t say “Oh Allah! Forgive me if you want“, “Have mercy on me if you want“, “Give me subsistence if you wish” rather believe completely that He will do whatever He wishes. Nobody can force Him.” (Bukhari)
- And know very well that Allah does not answer that dua that comes from a heart that is disconnected from Allah. Dua comes from the heart and not the tongue. Words can be beautiful as we make them but if it is coming from a dark heart than Allah does not answer that dua. However, if our dua comes from a heart that is illuminated with love and mercy of Allah (SWT) then that dua will be fulfilled even if our words are broken when we supplicate.
- Each and every single Muslim that makes a dua, that is not asking the fulfilling of a sin or damaging relations then Allah gives him one of the three things:
1) The person is granted the request or dua as it is
2) A replacement is given in the Akhirah.
3) Allah will take away some harm in exchange.
- The above (part of a hadith) shows us that no matter what, its still a win win situation.
- Another hadith also states how no matter how much dua we make, Allah’s ability to fulfill is greater than the capacity of all of us making dua!
Prophetic Manner of Making Du’a
1) Begin and end every supplication with the praise and the sending prayers upon the beloved prophet Muhammad (SAW).
As salatu wasalam Ala Rasoolillah
2) Call out to Allah using the beautiful and blessed names of Allah (SWT)
The prophet (SAW) said : “Allah has ninety-nine names , and whoever knows them will go to Paradise.”
3) Send blessings and prayers upon the beloved prophet Muhammad (SAW). This is one of the ways to getting closer to Allah.
An example to elaborate this point is when someone shows love to one of our family members or someone we deeply care and love, we appreciate and love is filled in us for that person. Similarly, the prophet (SAW) is very beloved to Allah and more love we show to the prophet, Allah will love us!
4) Make dua as if you are a beggar. Like a beggar who has not eaten for days and days, he will cling onto you to ask for food or money similarly we need to show the same desperation when we make dua to Allah. We need to cry and plead because only He (SWT) can fulfill our duas.
This is a good way to humble yourself and break your ego.
5) Raise your hands.
6) Do not be doubtful.
7) Keep in mind the recommended times for making dua. [My note: See link for a list of all times dua is most likely to be answered http://www.islameasy.org/pdf/Best_Times_For_Dua.pdf]
Major Barrier in the acceptance of Du’a
1) Avoid doing haram in your life. Refrain from wearing, working, consuming for impermissible means.
- We have an individual responsibility to live our lives based on Taqwa and not on Fatwas.
- When we find justifications for our sins, we only damage ourselves and our relationship with Allah because our duas are rendered unacceptable.
Powerful Dua to be Recited especially in Ramadan
He (The Prophet PBUH) said:
‘Say: O Allah, You are pardoning and You love to pardon, so pardon me.’
“(Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and Tirmidhi).
- “Allahhumma innaka Afuwwun” – ‘Allahuma’ – inclusive of all the attributes and qualities of Allah (SWT)
- It is a powerful and emphatic way of calling Allah (SWT). This is why many prophetic duas start with “Allahuma”
- We are directly talking to Allah. Oh Allah! You excessively, continuously, consistently overlook the wrongdoings.
- “Tuhibbul afwa” – You love to overlook shortcomings and sins.
- “Fa-fu anni”- So disregard my shortcomings!
- This is such an elaborate and deep supplication that we should recite often especially in Ramadan and especially in the last ten days of Ramadan!
The Prophet’s dua night before the Battle of Badr
- The night before the Battle of Badr— Abu Bakr (RA) walked into the tent of the Prophet (SAW) late at night and found the Prophet (SAW) making dua to Allah. The Prophet (SAW) had his hands raised above his head, he was crying with tears streaming down his face, and insisting desperately, praying for the victory of the Muslims. He was praying so hard that this shawl that the Prophet (SAW) wore, became undone. Then Abu Bakr (RA) came and picked up the shawl and started crying himself, and Abu Bakr (RA) says to the Prophet (SAW) – “Oh Messenger, your Dua has been accepted by Allah (SWT)
- The fact that the Prophet (SAW) made this dua night before the battle of badr shows us how crucial it is to make dua before anything in your life.
- We should proceed everything with dua, before any significant moment in our lives – an interview, exam, or any other task. This way every great accomplishment will be blessed like in the account of the battle of badr.
- Whether your du’a is granted or not, do not lose patience, have sabr in Allah (SWT).
- A Dua that one makes in someones absence is accepted by Allah (SWT) (Make dua for Shayk ANJ and his family and Ramadan Prep Team)
Q and A
- Advice for the Youth – Make goals of what you want to accomplish in Ramadan even if they are small. i.e I will not swear, or backbite.
- Don’t recite Qur’an in your Sajdah unless Rabbana duas from Qur’an but should not be intended as Qur’an.
- There is consent that a person can recite in another language in the nawafil and sunnah prayer – specifically in sajdah
- You can ask others to make dua for you but don’t insist on others all the time. Fulfill your responsibility of making dua.
- You can make dua for a person who has passed away, in fact it is very important to make dua for the deceased.
- http://makedua.com/ – great website to learn amazing duas. Shaykh ANJ’s students also make an app of Hisnul Muslim.
Allahuma Taqabbal Minna Innaka Antas Samee’ul ‘Aleem!